[IELTS writing] Line chart – Consumption of fast foods by Australian teenagers

11

The line graph compared to  the consumption of Pizza, Fish and chips, Hamburgers with Australian teenagers between 1975 and 2000.

It is clear that the consumption of fish and chips noticeably declined, whereas the amount of Hamburgers and Pizza that were eaten increased over the period shown.

In 1975, the number of times Australian teenagers ate fish and chips was highest, being eaten 100 times a year. While the figures for Hamburgers and Pizza were lower, approximately 10 times and 5 times respectively a year. However, apart from a brief rise again from 1980 to 1985, the consumption of fish and chips gradually declined over 25 year timescale to finish at just under 40 times per year.

In sharp contrast to this, teenagers ate the others two fast foods at much higher levels. Pizza consumption increased gradually until it overtook that of fish and chips in 1990. It then leveled off from 1995 to 2000. The consumption of hamburgers was highest, increasing sharply from 1970’s to 1980’s. The number of times teenagers consumed hamburgers exceed that of fish and chips in 1985. It finished at the same level that fish and chips began, with consumption at 100 times per year.

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

[IELTS Vocabularies] The effect of noise to children experiencing disabilities

– Autism: Chứng tự kỷ

– Hearing impairment = Auditory function deficit: Khiếm thính

– Comprehend = understood

– Exacerbate = Make something more worst. (Trầm trọng hơn, nghiêm trọng hơn)

– Reverberation: If the classroom structure is not suitable then the noise from inside will be reverberated.

– Detrimental effect: Những hậu quả bất lợi

– Vulnerable: Dễ bị tổn thương, tổn hại

– Autistic spectrum disorders: Rối loạn chức năng tự kỷ, Attention deficit disorders: Rối loạn chức năng chú ý.

– Barriers: Hàng rào

– Embark = take part in = participate

– promulgated: promote or make widely known (an idea or cause) (truyền bá, ban hành, …)

– Proportion = rate (percentage)

– cooling system: like Air-conditioning

– Current teaching methods

– To increase awareness of the situation of children with auditory problems

– National policy initiative: Chính sách đề xuất quốc gia

– Suitable worldwide regulations: Quy định chuẩn quốc tế

– medical condition: Tình trạng sức khỏe, điều kiện y tế.

– hypothesis = consumption: Giả thuyết

[IELTS Vocabularies] Relationship and Sports Topic

  • To pop the question: Ask someone to marry with you

Ex: I remembered that he popped the question while we were eating ice cream.

  • To see eye to eye: To Agree on a subject, totally agree – Ex: My father and I see eye to eye on most things
  • To settle down: To give up the single life and start a family – Ex: He has never thought about to get married with someone. But everything changed after he met Marry, he love her at first sight. So, he decided to settle down.
  • To strike up a relationship: Begin a relationship – Ex: She struck a relationship with an artist after she arrived in Paris
  • To tie the knot: Get married – Ex: She is planing to tie the knot with her German boyfriend next June
  • To be well matched: to be similar – Ex: My sister and I are similar about many things in life so we are well-matched.
  • To work at a relationship: to try to maintain a positive relationship with someone Ex: I actually don’t like John but i still work at a relationship.
  • a computer buff: An expert computer
  • To crash: suddenly stop working
  • To take up exercise
  • Strenuous exercise
  • badminton court
  • a strong swimmer
  • to run the marathon

IELTS Overview

  1. Listening: 4 parts – 30 minutes
  2. Academic Reading: 3 passages from 2000 -2750 words in total and become progressively more difficult – 60 minutes
  3. Academic writing: 60 minutes

Task 1: 20 minutes: 150 words – Describe about chart, table, diagram, …

Task 2: 40 minutes: 250 words – word essay about your opinion, ideas, discussion, …

  • Task 2 will gain more masks than task 1. Anyway, you will lose masks if you write the essays fewer than 150 words in task 1 and 250 words in task 2.
  • Always leave some time to check your essay after you have finished.
  • Essay are often on the topics that are of current interest: Read and listen to the news on wide range of subjects, thinking about the issues involved.
  • Task 1: You will get as much masks as you follow tips strictly: Task Fulfillment, Coherence and Cohesion, Vocabulary and sentence structure
  • Task 2: Focus on Argument, Ideas and Evidence; Communicatively quality; vocabulary and sentence structure
  1. Speaking: 11-14 minutes and including 3 parts.

 

Part Time Format Task types
1 4 – 5 minutes Introduce, interview Introduction, ID check

Your question about yourself, job, family, interests, …

2 3-4 minutes Independent long-turn You are given a topic verbally and on a card. You have a minute to prepare a talk.

 

You speak for 1-2 minutes on the topic. E.g: Person, place, object, or event.

 

You can answer 1-2 follow-up question.

3 4-5 minutes Two-way discussion You answer verbal questions and discussing more abstract ideas links to the topic part 2

P/s: Before you actually start learning and practicing IELTS that you should understand what it is and what its format, and it is for what. Who need to get it?

After that, you will build up a effective way to achieve it. Good luck to everyone and me.

[IELTS Speaking part 2] The first you used a Foreign Language

Describe the first time you used a Foreign Language.

What you should say:

  • Where you were
  • What the situation was
  • Who you communicated with and explain why you used a foreign language to communicate on this occasion.

Answer:

  1. Used vocabularies:
  •   The best of my recollection: (expression) If i remember correctly. Example: I was not present at that meeting, to the best of my recollection.
  • Hanging out (phrase verb): Spending a lot of time at a particular place but doing no special activity. Ex: My friends and I enjoy hanging out at our local coffee shop, just chatting and enjoying a coffee.
  • Came up to (phrasal verb) Approached. Example: My manager came up to me and shook my hand
  • Catch everything: (Expression) hear or understand everything that he said. Ex: At the train station, it was too noisy for me to hear all the information clearly, and i was unable to catch everything.
  • Body language: (Noun) The way that you show what you feel or think by moving your body. Example: Sometimes, our teacher uses body language, not words, to help to communicate an idea.
  • Headed for: (phrasal verb) Moved in a particular direction. Ex: After the show finished, everyone headed for the exits.
  • Have a good command of: (expression) Have a good knowledge of something. Example: People apply this job must have a good command of English, in order to communicate with our American customers.

2. The sample answer:

I have been learning English for a long time but i haven’t had many chances to practice English speaking with native speakers. To the best of my recollection that the first i used English to foreigner was on New Year Eve three years old ago.

At that time, I was hanging out with my friends on Nguyen Hue street. Suddenly, a foreigner came up to me and asked for directions to a supermarket. To be honestly, he spoke too quickly for me to catch everything but after he repeated his words, i finally understood and showed him the way to the nearest supermarket. I used body language a lot to explain the direction to him. Since, i didn’t speak English well then. After that, he said “Thank you” to me and headed for the supermarket.

I realize that English plays an important role in our life. Despite the fact that we don’t live in English speaking countries but it is spoken globally and it’s becoming dominant language. Therefore, I have been trying to practice English daily so that i can have a good command of this language, and i can talk confidently with foreigners, whatever the topic of conversation.

 

[British Council] Great films that aren’t really about Canada

Factually correct: Đúng với thực tế

Preconditions to achieving: Điều kiện tiên quyết để đạt được…

ex: There are some basic preconditions to achieving happiness.

Enormous (i nố z mous) waterfall: Canada for me is a place that starts somewhere on the other side of that enormous waterfall.

A tunnel (tơ nồ) in the rock behind the water. The place is also popular with lovers.

The spot also attracts crazy people who want to throw themselves over the edge. These days it’s not bad if you like casinos. The latest one to open is called Fallsview casino, which, they say, is more luxurious (lấc zơ ri ơts) and sophisticated (səˈfistiˌkātid) than the Casino Niagara.

1. The hero was interviewed by a psychotherapist (sai cồ thía.. rờ pis)

2. He was getting further and further into debt.

3. He would never be able to pay the money back
4. Does this film have anything to do with Canada?
5. Canada is enormous … you can never use it up
6. He doesn’t seem to care about his girlfriend.
7. The film starts at the end of the story, then it goes back to the beginning.
8. Maybe violence is caused by unemployment.
9. The place is popular with lovers.
10. A lot of people are killed by guns in America.
11. Canada appears for comparison.
12. Of course they use their guns for hunting.
13. It begins with a shot of a waterfall.
14. Words come up on the screen.

 

[IELST Pronunciation] How to pronounce /t/ in American English

Âm t trong tiếng Anh có cách phát âm rất đa dạng và phong phú. Có tới 6 trường hợp phát âm khác nhau của âm /t/:

(1) Âm /t/ được bật đầy đủ;

(2) âm /t/ không bật hơi trong nhóm /st/, hoặc khi đứng cuối từ;

(3) Âm /t/ đứng giữa 2 nguyên âm biến đổi thành /d/;

(4) Âm /t/ câm trong cụm âm /nt/;

(5) Âm /t/ bị biến đổi trong cụm như /tn/, /tr/.

Cùng xem video hướng dẫn của cô Moon trong các trường hợp biến đổi của âm /t/:

Nếu /t/ đứng đầu âm tiết có trọng âm, nó được bật rõ ràng và đầy đủ: table, take, teach, ten, determine…

Âm /t/ cũng được bật đầy đủ khi nó ở dạng quá khứ của động từ và đứng sau một phụ âm vô thanh như – /f/, /k/, /p/, /s/, /ch/, /sh/, /th/: picked [pikt], hoped [houpt], raced [reist], watched [wɒcht], washed [wɒsht]

Tập đọc: Tom tried two times

Ngoại lệ: khi âm /t/ đứng sau một phụ âm khác, ở đầu từ, như trong cụm /st/: stay, store, steep… âm /t/ không được phát âm đầy đủ.

Tập đọc: I stay in the store for a while

2. Âm /t/ giống /d/ đứng giữa 2 nguyên âm

Đây là một đặc thù của âm /t/ trong tiếng Anh Mỹ, khác với trong tiếng Anh Anh.

Nếu /t/ ở giữa 2 nguyên âm, nó biến thành 1 âm /d/ mềm (tương tự âm /d/ khi đứng giữa hai nguyên âm: letter = /leder/, better = /beder/
Tập đọc: Water, daughter, bought a, caught a, lot of, got a, later, meeting, better

Tập đọc câu:
Get a better water heater. [gedda bedder wɔder hider]
Put all the data in the computer. [pʊdall the deiydə in ðe k’mpjuder]
Patty ought to write a better letter. [pædy ɔːd’ ride a bedder ledder]

What a good idea. [w’d’ gud aɪˈdɪə]

3. Âm /t/ bị biến mất khi đứng sau /n/

Khi âm /t/ đứng sau âm /n/, nó có thể biến mất (do 2 âm này có vị trí miệng gần giống nhau).

interview /ˈɪnərˌvju/
international /ˌɪn ərˈnæʃ ə nl/
advantage /ədˈvɑːn.tɪdʒ/
percentage /pɚˈsen.t̬ɪdʒ/
count on /kaun_on/

Một ví dụ rất thú vị về sự biến mất của âm “t” trong cụm “nt” có thể thấy trong bài hát “Count on me” của Bruno Mars. Nam ca sĩ hát là “coun-on me” chứ không phải “coun-ton me”.

Tập đọc câu: That’s quite right, isn’t it?

4. Âm /t/ không bật hơi khi đứng cuối từ

Để phát âm /t/, có 2 giai đoạn:

– Giai đoạn 1, lưỡi nâng lên phần ngạc trên để chặn lại;

– Giai đoạn 2, bật âm /t/.

Ngoài ra, nếu âm /t/đứng cuối một từ, thông thường người ta cũng chỉ chặn hơi lại (giai đoạn 1) mà không bật hơi ra (giai đoạn 2), ví dụ: put, what, lot, set, hot, sit, shot, brought. Đây là lý do tại sao chúng ta thường không nghe thấy âm /t/ khi nó đứng cuối từ.
Luyện tập: So sánh âm bị chặn trong từ “post” (/poust/) với việc không có âm /t/ trong từ “pose”.

5. Âm /t/ bị biến đổi trong tiếng Anh Mỹ

5.1. Âm /tn/

Cụm âm/tn/, ví dụ trong từ ‘button’, là cụm hầu hết người Việt Nam gặp khó khăn khi phát âm.Các âm /tn/ được thực hiện bằng cách đặt lưỡi ở vị trí của /t/, sau đó bật âm /t/ mà không di chuyển lưỡi, đồng thời chuyển nhanh sang âm [n].

Lưu ý:Hãy chắc chắn rằng bạn không đặt một âm schwa trước /n/ (ví dụ: với từ written:/ri-từn/ là sai, /rit-n/ là đúng).
Tập đọc: Written, certain, forgotten, button
Tập đọc câu:
He’s forgotten the carton of satin mittens.
She’s certain that he has written it.
Martin has gotten a kitten.

5.2. Âm /tr/

Với âm /tr/, do âm /t/ bị ảnh hưởng của âm /r/ nên khi đứng cạnh nhau, âm /t/ bị biến đổi thành âm /tʃ/. Ví dụ, khi đọc từ “train” thì thay vì bật âm thành /t/ + /rein/ thì đọc là /tʃ/ + /rein/, giống như ch-rain. Luyện tập bằng cách phân biệt “train” và “chain”.

Tập đọc: try – tie, train – chain, Troy – toy, stream – steam
I try to wear a tie
The train has a long chain
I have a toy that looks like the Troy horse
Can you see the steam floating on the stream?

Source: http://vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/giao-duc/hieng-anh/5-cach-phat-am-t-trong-tieng-anh-my-3508103.html

[IELTS Vocabularies] Expression or Idioms about Traveling & Holiday

  • Have a thirst/hunger for adventure: Desire or hungry  to explore somewhere or something about adventure

Ex: Youngster nowadays tend to have a thirst/hunger for adventure

  • Quaint old building: A building is built as the old-style

ex: This restaurant is designed like the western-style quaint old building

  • Tree-lined walkway/avenue: A road has tree lines at both sides

Ex: Phan Dinh Phung is well-known/famous for its fantastic tree-lined avenue

  • Dominate (đom mi neit): => Dominate the landscape : At the height you can see overview of scene

Ex: KaengNam is said to dominate the landscape of Hanoi: KaengNam được coi là một nơi có thể nhìn tổng thể Hà Nội

  • Secluded beaches: Bãi biển hoang vắng

Ex: Rather than tourist traps (Những nơi du lịch đắt tiền), i would like to enjoy the secluded beaches

  • To get away from it all: Đi trốn, tránh xa mọi thứ
  • Holiday (ha: lờ day) destination (des tờ nấy sần)
  • Head for some places: Hướng đến nơi đó
  • Hostel (ha:s tồ)
  • Resort (Ri’zo:t) or Vila (vi lờ)
  • Tourist attraction: Điểm thu hút khách du lịch
  • Statue of Liberty (sta tsu: ov li bơ tì)
  • The great wall: Vạn lý trường thành
  • Go sightseeing
  • Breathtaking view: Đẹp đến ngẹt thở
  • Picturesque: pic chờ resk: đẹp như trong tranh
  • Hoard (ho:rd) of people/tourist: Đông đúc du khách
  • Go off the beaten track: Tự đi khám phá những nơi khác (ko phải là nới đông đúc)
  • The holiday of the life time: Kỳ nghỉ đáng nhớ nhất trong đời
  • All-in package : Trọn gói
  • Charter-flight: Chuyến bay thuê riêng
  • Check-in desk: Bàn đăng ký
  • Departure lounge: Phòng chờ
  • Far-off destination: Nơi xa xôi
  • To get away from it all: Rời xa nơi ồn ào
  • Guided tour: Tour được hướng dẫn
    Holiday brochure: tờ hướng dẫn kỳ nghỉ
    Holiday destination: điểm đến
    Holiday of a lifetime: kỳ nghỉ đặc biệt trong đời
    Holiday resort: Khu nghỉ dưỡng
    Hordes of tourists: Đông khách
    Local crafts: Đặc sản địa phương
    Long weekend: Ngày cuối tuần kéo dài
    Out of season: Ngày thường
    Picturesque village: Làng quê đẹp
    Passport control: Kiểm soát hộ chiếu
    Places of interest: Nơi thú vị
    Wildlife safari: Khám phá hoang dã
    Self-catering: Tự phục vụ
    Short break: Kỳ nghỉ ngắn
    To go sightseeing: tham quan
    Stunning landscape: Làng quê đẹp
    Travel agent: Đại lý du lịch
    Youth hostel: Nhà trọ

Part1: What kind of holiday do you like?

Well, I’m not a big fan of the tourist attraction that are full of hoards of tourist. I prefer going somewhere off the beaten track to avoid the crowd and explore new things.

Part 2: Describe a beautiful place you once visited. You should say

 – When you went to this place?

–  Where it was?

–  Who you went with and why you liked it so much?

Last year, after a hard year at work, i decided to get away from it all by heading for Korea, my favorite tourist destination so far. I went there with 2 friends of mine. The accommodation that we chose was the hostel which was not as expensive as a hotel. The things that made me fall in love with Korea so deeply were those breathtaking views and picturesque falling leaves. That was really a holiday of a life time.

——————————0——————————————–

1.Do you like holidays? Why / why not?

Yes, of course. I do love the holidays because this is the great chance for me to have a short break after working hard days.

2. Do you prefer to travel or stay at home during holiday periods? Why?

Actually, I would rather stay at home during the holiday periods because it is extremely stressful and uncomfortable to deal with full hordes of people, the crowd noise and expensive services at tourist destination.

3. What do most people do during their holidays in your country? Why?

Well, most of people often enjoy the holidays with their kids by going to the cinema or going to water-park and then having home-cooked food together.

4. When do you prefer to take your holidays? Why?

I really like to take my holiday by traveling to far-off destination in fall, because the weather is so cool in this season and i can get away from it all to go sightseeing, enjoy breaktaking views and pictureque falling leaves.

[IELTS Reading] How to increase your reading test score

Vietnamese students often get high score in IELTS reading and listening test because they can learn these skills by themselves. Basically, students can take a bit time on those magazines below for improving reading skills without feeling bored. It is more interesting than IELTS books, right?

Well, please take a look on which magazines that increase quite well for your scores. Here is the list:

  • New York Time
  • Washington Post
  • The Guardian
  • BBC
  • VOA news
  • Telegraph

IELTS test mostly takes a context and change a bit from these magazine post to be an IELTS reading exam. In order to get acquainted the reading exam, you can try to practice every day in 30 minutes. It is for sure the IELTS reading exam becomes easy as a piece of cake. Let’s do it from now and get a higher score.

Furthermore, practicing reading constantly helps examinee to enhance their writing skills also. While trying to understand the author expresses his mean in a post that you can gain how describe something or tell about things more effectively than usual. From good posts collection, you also copy and collect some great phrases to re-use in your writing. You certainly use what you learn and apply them in your own tasks then you can keep them in mind longer.

My writing skills are not really quite good now but I always believe I can improve it day by day. Although IELTS self-learning is the long journey which must require studier not only be much patient and calm but also having a good plan to do it. I usually find out and research how successful IELTS fighter did and do follow their way. However, I sometimes have to find the specific way for me because each person often has different way to approach something.

Next short time will be fighting day of me. Try my best and achieve the goals.

Common words which can be used as alternative in IELTS paragraph

1. Get: acquire, obtain, gain, receive, achieve…
2. Have: possess, own, experience, undergo…
3. Give: provide, present, contribute, offer, supply…
4. Do: participate, carry out, perform, conduct, undertake, implement…
5. Enough: sufficient, adequate…
6. Not enough: insufficient, inadequate…
7. Many: various, numerous, large number of, an array of, a variety of, a range of, countless…
8. More: additional, further, added, extra,…
9. Too much: excessive, an excess of…
10. Things: objects, sectors, items, articles, issues, concerned matters…
11. Big: significant, substantial, considerable, sizeable, vast, immense, tremendous, profound,…
12. Small: minimal, tiny, hardly noticeable, slight, negligible,…
13. Important: major, principle, essential, crucial, critical, chief, vital, pressing,…
14. Important people: powerful, leading, influential, prominent, well-known,…
15. Serious: urgent, alarming, pressing, severe, grave, consequential,…
16. People: citizens, the local community, individuals, taxpayers, inhabitants, the general public,…
17. Good: superior, excellent, superb, outstanding, magnificent, exceptional, marvelous, wonderful,…
18. Bad: substandard, poor, inferior, deficient, imperfect, defective, faulty,..