[IELTS writing] Line chart – Consumption of fast foods by Australian teenagers

11

The line graph compared to  the consumption of Pizza, Fish and chips, Hamburgers with Australian teenagers between 1975 and 2000.

It is clear that the consumption of fish and chips noticeably declined, whereas the amount of Hamburgers and Pizza that were eaten increased over the period shown.

In 1975, the number of times Australian teenagers ate fish and chips was highest, being eaten 100 times a year. While the figures for Hamburgers and Pizza were lower, approximately 10 times and 5 times respectively a year. However, apart from a brief rise again from 1980 to 1985, the consumption of fish and chips gradually declined over 25 year timescale to finish at just under 40 times per year.

In sharp contrast to this, teenagers ate the others two fast foods at much higher levels. Pizza consumption increased gradually until it overtook that of fish and chips in 1990. It then leveled off from 1995 to 2000. The consumption of hamburgers was highest, increasing sharply from 1970’s to 1980’s. The number of times teenagers consumed hamburgers exceed that of fish and chips in 1985. It finished at the same level that fish and chips began, with consumption at 100 times per year.

 

 

 

 

[Writing task 1] Line graph – Internet usage of population

12

The line graph compares to proportion of people in three countries who used the internet between 1999 and 2009.

It is clear that the percentage of population who used the internet increased in each country over the period shown. Overall, a much larger of proportion of Americans and Canadians had access to the internet in comparison with Mexican, and Canada experienced the fastest growth in Internet usage.

In 1999, the percentage of internet usage in America was about 20%. The figures for Canada and Mexico were lower, about 10% and 5% respectively. In 2005, the proportion of people using the internet rose to around 70% in both America and Canada, while the figure for Mexico reached just 25%.

By 2009, the percentage of internet users was highest in Canada. Almost 100% Canadians used the internet, compared to about 80% in Americans and only some 40% Mexicans.

 

Source: http://www.simon-ielts.com

[IELTS Vocabularies] The effect of noise to children experiencing disabilities

– Autism: Chứng tự kỷ

– Hearing impairment = Auditory function deficit: Khiếm thính

– Comprehend = understood

– Exacerbate = Make something more worst. (Trầm trọng hơn, nghiêm trọng hơn)

– Reverberation: If the classroom structure is not suitable then the noise from inside will be reverberated.

– Detrimental effect: Những hậu quả bất lợi

– Vulnerable: Dễ bị tổn thương, tổn hại

– Autistic spectrum disorders: Rối loạn chức năng tự kỷ, Attention deficit disorders: Rối loạn chức năng chú ý.

– Barriers: Hàng rào

– Embark = take part in = participate

– promulgated: promote or make widely known (an idea or cause) (truyền bá, ban hành, …)

– Proportion = rate (percentage)

– cooling system: like Air-conditioning

– Current teaching methods

– To increase awareness of the situation of children with auditory problems

– National policy initiative: Chính sách đề xuất quốc gia

– Suitable worldwide regulations: Quy định chuẩn quốc tế

– medical condition: Tình trạng sức khỏe, điều kiện y tế.

– hypothesis = consumption: Giả thuyết

[IELTS Vocabularies] Relationship and Sports Topic

  • To pop the question: Ask someone to marry with you

Ex: I remembered that he popped the question while we were eating ice cream.

  • To see eye to eye: To Agree on a subject, totally agree – Ex: My father and I see eye to eye on most things
  • To settle down: To give up the single life and start a family – Ex: He has never thought about to get married with someone. But everything changed after he met Marry, he love her at first sight. So, he decided to settle down.
  • To strike up a relationship: Begin a relationship – Ex: She struck a relationship with an artist after she arrived in Paris
  • To tie the knot: Get married – Ex: She is planing to tie the knot with her German boyfriend next June
  • To be well matched: to be similar – Ex: My sister and I are similar about many things in life so we are well-matched.
  • To work at a relationship: to try to maintain a positive relationship with someone Ex: I actually don’t like John but i still work at a relationship.
  • a computer buff: An expert computer
  • To crash: suddenly stop working
  • To take up exercise
  • Strenuous exercise
  • badminton court
  • a strong swimmer
  • to run the marathon

IELTS Overview

  1. Listening: 4 parts – 30 minutes
  2. Academic Reading: 3 passages from 2000 -2750 words in total and become progressively more difficult – 60 minutes
  3. Academic writing: 60 minutes

Task 1: 20 minutes: 150 words – Describe about chart, table, diagram, …

Task 2: 40 minutes: 250 words – word essay about your opinion, ideas, discussion, …

  • Task 2 will gain more masks than task 1. Anyway, you will lose masks if you write the essays fewer than 150 words in task 1 and 250 words in task 2.
  • Always leave some time to check your essay after you have finished.
  • Essay are often on the topics that are of current interest: Read and listen to the news on wide range of subjects, thinking about the issues involved.
  • Task 1: You will get as much masks as you follow tips strictly: Task Fulfillment, Coherence and Cohesion, Vocabulary and sentence structure
  • Task 2: Focus on Argument, Ideas and Evidence; Communicatively quality; vocabulary and sentence structure
  1. Speaking: 11-14 minutes and including 3 parts.

 

Part Time Format Task types
1 4 – 5 minutes Introduce, interview Introduction, ID check

Your question about yourself, job, family, interests, …

2 3-4 minutes Independent long-turn You are given a topic verbally and on a card. You have a minute to prepare a talk.

 

You speak for 1-2 minutes on the topic. E.g: Person, place, object, or event.

 

You can answer 1-2 follow-up question.

3 4-5 minutes Two-way discussion You answer verbal questions and discussing more abstract ideas links to the topic part 2

P/s: Before you actually start learning and practicing IELTS that you should understand what it is and what its format, and it is for what. Who need to get it?

After that, you will build up a effective way to achieve it. Good luck to everyone and me.

[IELTS Speaking part 2] The first you used a Foreign Language

Describe the first time you used a Foreign Language.

What you should say:

  • Where you were
  • What the situation was
  • Who you communicated with and explain why you used a foreign language to communicate on this occasion.

Answer:

  1. Used vocabularies:
  •   The best of my recollection: (expression) If i remember correctly. Example: I was not present at that meeting, to the best of my recollection.
  • Hanging out (phrase verb): Spending a lot of time at a particular place but doing no special activity. Ex: My friends and I enjoy hanging out at our local coffee shop, just chatting and enjoying a coffee.
  • Came up to (phrasal verb) Approached. Example: My manager came up to me and shook my hand
  • Catch everything: (Expression) hear or understand everything that he said. Ex: At the train station, it was too noisy for me to hear all the information clearly, and i was unable to catch everything.
  • Body language: (Noun) The way that you show what you feel or think by moving your body. Example: Sometimes, our teacher uses body language, not words, to help to communicate an idea.
  • Headed for: (phrasal verb) Moved in a particular direction. Ex: After the show finished, everyone headed for the exits.
  • Have a good command of: (expression) Have a good knowledge of something. Example: People apply this job must have a good command of English, in order to communicate with our American customers.

2. The sample answer:

I have been learning English for a long time but i haven’t had many chances to practice English speaking with native speakers. To the best of my recollection that the first i used English to foreigner was on New Year Eve three years old ago.

At that time, I was hanging out with my friends on Nguyen Hue street. Suddenly, a foreigner came up to me and asked for directions to a supermarket. To be honestly, he spoke too quickly for me to catch everything but after he repeated his words, i finally understood and showed him the way to the nearest supermarket. I used body language a lot to explain the direction to him. Since, i didn’t speak English well then. After that, he said “Thank you” to me and headed for the supermarket.

I realize that English plays an important role in our life. Despite the fact that we don’t live in English speaking countries but it is spoken globally and it’s becoming dominant language. Therefore, I have been trying to practice English daily so that i can have a good command of this language, and i can talk confidently with foreigners, whatever the topic of conversation.

 

IELTS Speaking Part 2: ‘cafe’ topic

Describe a café that you have been to.
You should say

– where it is
– why you went there
– what you ate or drank
– and explain why you liked or disliked the café.

If you’ve seen ‘Speaking lesson 4’ in my video course, you will already have some good vocabulary for describing a restaurant and the staff in a restaurant e.g. welcoming, inviting, warm, approachable, attentive, nice atmosphere, make you feel at home… I’m sure we can use some of these words and phrases to describe a café.

P/s: Please notice that you get the speaking part 2 topic from Simon’s  IELTS. Before actually referring to Simon’s answer, i will do my own answer first. This is a  chance for me to deal with the real test.

Answer:

Useful vocabularies:

 Nice atmosphere, warm, approachable, attentive, make you feel at home, head to this place, to get away from it all, quaint old café’, breathtaking view, hoard of people, fall in love, picturesque,

Well, I often go to the café every weekend, which I always head for the café shop is Tuan Ngoc that is in Thu Duc district HCMC  where brings nice and warm atmosphere to anyone visiting there. I really love this place because it makes me feel quite relaxed, peaceful and comfortable with the quaint old café. I usually come there alone whenever I want to have time for myself, especially, when i made some important decisions. I probably impressed the taste of iced coffee with milk there, it was absolutely fantastic. Furthermore, the thing made me fall in love were those breathtaking views with three-lined walkways. Just one thing I dislike that some man smoked there, and this makes me uncomfortable at all. Anyway, it is really amazing destination café.

[IELTS Writing task 1] How to writing a task 1 effectively

How many types of writing task 1?

How long:  20 mins – 150 words (10 -15 sentences)

4 factors:

  • Complete your tasks
  • Coherence and cohesion
  • Using diversity vocabularies
  • Use grammar and cau truc ngu phap

Dang de:

Dạng Table, biểu đồ cột, đường (18%), dạng map và process ít ra. NGoài ra cũng có thể dạng biểu đồ tổng hợp. Sẽ có những tips cho mỗi biểu đồ.

Dàn bài: (Áp dụng for all types)

  1. Introduction
  2. Tổng Quan
  3. Thân bài 1
  4. Thân bài 2

Viết lại đoạn văn sử dụng câu hỏi để viết lại cách mở bài.

Ex:

Đề bài: The pie chat show the main reasons for migration to and from the UK in 2007

Câu viết lại: The pie chat illustrate the primary reasons that people came to and left the UK in 2007.

  1. Introduction
Type of charts (Subjects) Main Verb Object Noun clause
 

The

Chart

Graph

Table

Diagram

Shows

Indicates

Gives

presents

The number of…

The proportion of …

Information on …

Data on…

That …

Charts

Figures

Statistics

Show

Indicate

Illustrate

Give

present

  1. Overview: Nhìn vào biểu đồ, viết 1-2 cầu về đặc điểm nổi bật của biểu đồ, ko đưa số liệu cụ thể vào phần này.

For example:

It is evident that both nations saw considerable fluctuation in fertility (tỉ lệ sinh), with lows during the 1940s and highs during the 1950s

The fomula for overview part:

Like: Overall, It is evident/bpvious/apparent/clear/that …

  1. Paragraph 1:
  • Chọn lọc, thu thập, tóm tắt thông tin quan trọng và so sánh chúng với nhau
  • Cần phải học thuộc các động từ thể hiện sự tăng giảm cho từng biểu đồ

1

Để ăn được điểm phần cấu trúc ngữ pháp, cần học thuộc các 2 cấu trúc sau:

Cấu trúc 1:

2

Cấu trúc thứ 2

3=> Sử dụng linh hoạt 2 cấu trúc này thì điểm writing task 1 sẽ được từ band 6.0 trở lên.

  1. Phân bổ thời gian:
  • Bước 1: Đọc kỹ câu hỏi và hiểu đề bài, paraphrase một opening sentences based on đề bài. (5p)
  • Bước 2: Nhìn biểu đồ , tìm ra điểm chung đáng chú nhất và viết ra 2 câu cho phần overview (5p)
  • Bước 3: Miêu tả chi tiết cụ thể biểu đồ, cố gắng chia thành 2 khổ để bài viết được rõ ràng, mạch lạc hơn (10p)
  1. Các lỗi thường gặp:
  • Copy 100% câu hỏi của đề bài để viết introduction
  • Không chia bài viết thành từng đoạn để bài viết được rõ ràng và mạch lạc về bố cục, thường sẽ bị trừ điểm rất nặng
  • Không viết câu tổng quan => Cũng là một điểm bị trừ điểm cao
  • Miêu tả riêng rẽ tất cả số liệu hiển thị trên biểu đồ, không có tính hết nối
  • Dành nhiều hơn 20p để làm task 1
  • Sử dụng các câu thể hiện quan điểm cá nhân.

[British Council] Great films that aren’t really about Canada

Factually correct: Đúng với thực tế

Preconditions to achieving: Điều kiện tiên quyết để đạt được…

ex: There are some basic preconditions to achieving happiness.

Enormous (i nố z mous) waterfall: Canada for me is a place that starts somewhere on the other side of that enormous waterfall.

A tunnel (tơ nồ) in the rock behind the water. The place is also popular with lovers.

The spot also attracts crazy people who want to throw themselves over the edge. These days it’s not bad if you like casinos. The latest one to open is called Fallsview casino, which, they say, is more luxurious (lấc zơ ri ơts) and sophisticated (səˈfistiˌkātid) than the Casino Niagara.

1. The hero was interviewed by a psychotherapist (sai cồ thía.. rờ pis)

2. He was getting further and further into debt.

3. He would never be able to pay the money back
4. Does this film have anything to do with Canada?
5. Canada is enormous … you can never use it up
6. He doesn’t seem to care about his girlfriend.
7. The film starts at the end of the story, then it goes back to the beginning.
8. Maybe violence is caused by unemployment.
9. The place is popular with lovers.
10. A lot of people are killed by guns in America.
11. Canada appears for comparison.
12. Of course they use their guns for hunting.
13. It begins with a shot of a waterfall.
14. Words come up on the screen.

 

[IELST Pronunciation] How to pronounce /t/ in American English

Âm t trong tiếng Anh có cách phát âm rất đa dạng và phong phú. Có tới 6 trường hợp phát âm khác nhau của âm /t/:

(1) Âm /t/ được bật đầy đủ;

(2) âm /t/ không bật hơi trong nhóm /st/, hoặc khi đứng cuối từ;

(3) Âm /t/ đứng giữa 2 nguyên âm biến đổi thành /d/;

(4) Âm /t/ câm trong cụm âm /nt/;

(5) Âm /t/ bị biến đổi trong cụm như /tn/, /tr/.

Cùng xem video hướng dẫn của cô Moon trong các trường hợp biến đổi của âm /t/:

Nếu /t/ đứng đầu âm tiết có trọng âm, nó được bật rõ ràng và đầy đủ: table, take, teach, ten, determine…

Âm /t/ cũng được bật đầy đủ khi nó ở dạng quá khứ của động từ và đứng sau một phụ âm vô thanh như – /f/, /k/, /p/, /s/, /ch/, /sh/, /th/: picked [pikt], hoped [houpt], raced [reist], watched [wɒcht], washed [wɒsht]

Tập đọc: Tom tried two times

Ngoại lệ: khi âm /t/ đứng sau một phụ âm khác, ở đầu từ, như trong cụm /st/: stay, store, steep… âm /t/ không được phát âm đầy đủ.

Tập đọc: I stay in the store for a while

2. Âm /t/ giống /d/ đứng giữa 2 nguyên âm

Đây là một đặc thù của âm /t/ trong tiếng Anh Mỹ, khác với trong tiếng Anh Anh.

Nếu /t/ ở giữa 2 nguyên âm, nó biến thành 1 âm /d/ mềm (tương tự âm /d/ khi đứng giữa hai nguyên âm: letter = /leder/, better = /beder/
Tập đọc: Water, daughter, bought a, caught a, lot of, got a, later, meeting, better

Tập đọc câu:
Get a better water heater. [gedda bedder wɔder hider]
Put all the data in the computer. [pʊdall the deiydə in ðe k’mpjuder]
Patty ought to write a better letter. [pædy ɔːd’ ride a bedder ledder]

What a good idea. [w’d’ gud aɪˈdɪə]

3. Âm /t/ bị biến mất khi đứng sau /n/

Khi âm /t/ đứng sau âm /n/, nó có thể biến mất (do 2 âm này có vị trí miệng gần giống nhau).

interview /ˈɪnərˌvju/
international /ˌɪn ərˈnæʃ ə nl/
advantage /ədˈvɑːn.tɪdʒ/
percentage /pɚˈsen.t̬ɪdʒ/
count on /kaun_on/

Một ví dụ rất thú vị về sự biến mất của âm “t” trong cụm “nt” có thể thấy trong bài hát “Count on me” của Bruno Mars. Nam ca sĩ hát là “coun-on me” chứ không phải “coun-ton me”.

Tập đọc câu: That’s quite right, isn’t it?

4. Âm /t/ không bật hơi khi đứng cuối từ

Để phát âm /t/, có 2 giai đoạn:

– Giai đoạn 1, lưỡi nâng lên phần ngạc trên để chặn lại;

– Giai đoạn 2, bật âm /t/.

Ngoài ra, nếu âm /t/đứng cuối một từ, thông thường người ta cũng chỉ chặn hơi lại (giai đoạn 1) mà không bật hơi ra (giai đoạn 2), ví dụ: put, what, lot, set, hot, sit, shot, brought. Đây là lý do tại sao chúng ta thường không nghe thấy âm /t/ khi nó đứng cuối từ.
Luyện tập: So sánh âm bị chặn trong từ “post” (/poust/) với việc không có âm /t/ trong từ “pose”.

5. Âm /t/ bị biến đổi trong tiếng Anh Mỹ

5.1. Âm /tn/

Cụm âm/tn/, ví dụ trong từ ‘button’, là cụm hầu hết người Việt Nam gặp khó khăn khi phát âm.Các âm /tn/ được thực hiện bằng cách đặt lưỡi ở vị trí của /t/, sau đó bật âm /t/ mà không di chuyển lưỡi, đồng thời chuyển nhanh sang âm [n].

Lưu ý:Hãy chắc chắn rằng bạn không đặt một âm schwa trước /n/ (ví dụ: với từ written:/ri-từn/ là sai, /rit-n/ là đúng).
Tập đọc: Written, certain, forgotten, button
Tập đọc câu:
He’s forgotten the carton of satin mittens.
She’s certain that he has written it.
Martin has gotten a kitten.

5.2. Âm /tr/

Với âm /tr/, do âm /t/ bị ảnh hưởng của âm /r/ nên khi đứng cạnh nhau, âm /t/ bị biến đổi thành âm /tʃ/. Ví dụ, khi đọc từ “train” thì thay vì bật âm thành /t/ + /rein/ thì đọc là /tʃ/ + /rein/, giống như ch-rain. Luyện tập bằng cách phân biệt “train” và “chain”.

Tập đọc: try – tie, train – chain, Troy – toy, stream – steam
I try to wear a tie
The train has a long chain
I have a toy that looks like the Troy horse
Can you see the steam floating on the stream?

Source: http://vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/giao-duc/hieng-anh/5-cach-phat-am-t-trong-tieng-anh-my-3508103.html